Our country has gone from 19th to 7th in the latest Global Cybersecurity Index of the International Telecommunications Union (ITU), a ranking led by the UK, the USA and France.
In a world where the Internet has become the epicentre, not only of global business, but of human life itself (through social media, buying and selling goods and services, teleworking, etc.), cybersecurity is becoming increasingly important. States are aware of this and, as a result, interest in Internet security has increased globally in recent years.
According to the latest Global Cybersecurity Index 2018 of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), our country ranks 7th worldwide (out of a total of 193 ITU Member States, plus Palestine) in terms of commitment to security, with a score of 8.96 out of 10. It has moved up 12 positions from the previous Global Cybersecurity Index of 2017. A ranking led by the United Kingdom (9.31), the United States (9.26) and France (9.18), and at the bottom of the ranking were Maldives (0.04), the Democratic Republic of Congo (0.08) and Comoros (0.15).
The ITU index is based on 25 indicators assessed around 5 pillars and its data is obtained through surveys from participating countries, experts, collaborating institutions and stakeholders. It is divided into legal, technical, organisational, capacity building and cooperation, and includes aspects such as safety standards, child online protection and public warning campaigns, among others.
In this sense, Spain has achieved the highest scores in the legal (cybercrime legislation, cybersecurity regulation and spam legislation) and organizational (national cybersecurity strategy, responsible agency and cybersecurity metrics) sections.
In its analysis of Spain, the study highlights how the Law 36/2015 on National Security defines the crisis management framework at a national level, with a national security and cybersecurity strategy and structure; and how the Ministerial Order PARA/33/2018 regulates the functioning of the National Cybersecurity Council, chaired by the President of the Government; and the Ministerial Order PRA/116/2017, which outlines the agreement of the President of the Government and the ministers involved in implementing the mechanisms that guarantee the functioning of the National Security System, including cybersecurity.
The 8th country with the highest Internet penetration
Spain’s awareness of cybersecurity is not surprising if we consider that it is one of the countries with the highest Internet penetration. Specifically, the 5th country of the European Union and the 8th in the world, according to the Inclusive Internet Index 2019, prepared by The Economist Intelligence Unit and the social media giant Facebook. In this last edition, it obtained a score of 84 out of 100, placing it ahead of technological powers such as France, Japan and Germany, and other European partners such as Italy, Belgium and the Netherlands.
In this ranking, headed by Sweden, Singapore and the USA, Spain ranks first in Europe in terms of capacity (skills, cultural acceptance and policies to promote the Internet) and second in terms of quality and breadth of infrastructure.
Spain is the 3rd country in the OECD with the highest penetration of optical fiber to the home (FTTH), just behind Japan and Korea, and has 14.68 million connections in homes.