Once again, Spain's healthcare is leading a world ranking. According to the annual report The Global Competitiveness Report
by the World Economic Forum, which analyses the economic and social situation of 141 regions, we have improved notably in this field
and share the number one position with Japan, the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (HKSAR) and Singapore.
All four have obtained the best possible score: 100 points
. And all of them, except Hong Kong (a territory for which there is no data in this field), are also in the top three countries with the highest life expectancy. That is, places where people live longer without serious health problems. In this area, Spain is in third place, with a score of 72.4.
The full report measures the competitiveness of these 141 territories based on 12 pillars, including health. Taking them all into account, our country is in 23rd place
, above great economic powers such as China or quality of life references such as Iceland.
The healthiest population
This is not the first time that Spain has been classified as a world leader in terms of health. Last year Bloomberg published its 2019 Healthiest Country Index
where Spain was ranked as the healthiest country in the world
. The report, which analyzed 169 countries, took into account various factors that influence quality of life.
Not only the characteristics of the healthcare system, but also eating habits
, life expectancy, smoking and obesity rates and environmental factors
, among others. Spain obtained an overall score of 92.8 out of 100 and moved up six positions to displace Italy from first place.
In the latest edition of the Health-Efficiency Index 2018
study, also by Bloomberg, Spain is recognized as having the most efficient health care in Europe and the third most efficient in the world
, surpassed only by Hong Kong and Singapore. The study highlights the excellence of our primary care system and the quality of our highly trained family doctors and nursing staff.
According to its analysis, they are an essential part of the Spanish healthcare system because of their capacity to provide prevention services based on age and gender and in accordance with the needs of the population. They also provide constant care for acute and chronic diseases.
In addition, the popular science publication The Lancet
produced another report in 2018 that analyzed care and access to healthcare. The Healthcare Access and Quality Index
ranks us 19th out of 195 countries worldwide. This document measures the quality of the healthcare system
by comparing the mortality rates of 32 curable diseases and assigning a score from 0 to 100 depending on whether the medical care is adequate.
Taking all these factors into account, Spain scores 92 points, the same score as nations such as New Zealand, Denmark, Germany and France. At the top of the ranking are Iceland and Norway with 97 points.
Increased life expectancy
Together with Japan and Switzerland, Spain is one of the countries with the highest life expectancy at birth
, according to the World Health Organization (WHO): 83.1 years, a result of an efficient healthcare system and the quality of life of its population. A figure that, according to forecasts by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME)
of the University of Washington, could reach 86 in 2040.
The constant growth of this variable is due to the reduction in mortality after the age of 65, one of the lowest in the European Union, according to data from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). The study Spain: Health System Review
, prepared by the European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies, states that preventable deaths in Spain have risen from 62.9 per 100,000 inhabitants in 2000 to 45.4 in 2015, a figure that is well below the EU average (60.9).
All these reports and studies show that our country continues to be a world reference
in the field of health. It will continue to work to improve its efficiency even further and thus improve people's quality of life.