The country has improved its position compared to last year and remains among only 22 full democracies out of 167 countries analysed by the Intelligence Unit of the prestigious British publication
Spain obtained an overall score of 8.18 out of 10, and the best scores in the categories on electoral process, political pluralism (9.58) and civil liberties (8.82)
Spain is once again among the few full democracies on the planet. This has been confirmed by the prestigious ‘Democracy Index’ of The Economist Intelligence Unit, a world reference in the analysis of democracy in the world.
In its latest edition, published this morning and which includes data for 2019, Spain not only remains among the best democracies in the world, but has also improved, going from 19th position in 2018 to 18th in 2019, out of a total of 167 countries analysed by the British publication.
Spain obtained an overall score of 8.18 points out of 10. This score is higher than that of neighbouring countries such as France (8.12) and Portugal (8.03) – which this year entered the group of full democracies – other countries such as Belgium (7.64) and Italy (7.52), were classified by The Economist as ‘flawed democracies’. Once again, the Scandinavian countries led the ranking: Norway in first position with 9.87, Iceland in second position with 9.58 and Sweden in third position with 9.39.
For the Secretary of State for Global Spain, Irene Lozano, this is “a new example of the strength of our democracy, whose foundations we have built together”. “Not only have we maintained our full democracy classification, but we have also improved. And we will continue to do so. That today we are a world reference in terms of political rights and civil liberties is by no means coincidental”, she said, recalling Spain’s pioneering role in areas such as solidarity, tolerance and diversity.
High scores in electoral process, political pluralism and civil liberties
In a year in which, as The Economist points out, Spain has had two general elections and is facing the most fragmented Parliament in its democratic history, our country has obtained the highest score specifically in the category where it analyses the quality of electoral process and political pluralism it was given a score of 9.58, the same as Sweden, Switzerland, the Netherlands and Germany.
It is followed by the category dedicated to civil liberties, in which Spain obtains 8.82. In political culture, our country obtained 8.13; in political participation, 7.22; and in the functioning of government, 7.14.
The improvement in Spain’s overall rating is taking place in an international climate of general decline in democracy, as pointed out by The Economist, in which only 430 million of the planet’s 7.3 billion inhabitants enjoy full democracy in their countries.
Specifically, in the 2019 ‘Democracy Index’ the average global scale for democracy fell from 5.48 in 2018 to 5.44.
A full democracy, ratified by the main international indices
In addition to The Economist, the main, world indices on democracy ratify the democratic health of Spain.
For example, ‘The Global State of Democracy 2019’, by the International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA) published in November, gave Spain a score of 0.7705 out of 1, and placed us as the 13th best among the 158 states analysed.
To this index on democracy we can add others such as the ‘Freedom in the World‘, report carried out by Freedom House, that places us as 20th in regard to the freedom we enjoy, with a score of 94 points out of 100; or the ‘Rule of Law Index’, by the World Justice Project, in which Spain is positioned as the 21st country with the greatest adhesion to the Rule of Law among 113 countries.